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Arbitration Law of the Peoples Republic of China

時間:2013-07-01  來源:  作者:  閱讀:

(Adopted at the 8th Session of the Standing Committee of  the  8thNational People’s Congress and Promulgated on August 31, 1994)

 

Whole documentArbitration Law of the People’s Republic of China(Adopted at the 8th Session of the Standing Committee of  the  8thNational People’s Congress and Promulgated on August 31, 1994)

 

Chapter I General ProvisionsArticle 1

This Law is formulated in order to ensure that economic disputes shallbe impartially and promptly arbitrated, to protect the  legitimate  rightsand interests of  the  relevant  parties  and  to  guarantee  the  healthydevelopment of the socialist market economy.Article 2

Disputes  over  contracts  and  disputes  over  property  rights  andinterests between citizens, legal persons and other organizations as equalsubjects of law may be submitted to arbitration.Article 3

The following disputes shall not be submitted to arbitration:

1. disputes over marriage, adoption, guardianship,

child maintenance and inheritance; and

2. administrative disputes falling within the jurisdiction

of the relevant administrative organs according to

law.Article 4

The parties adopting arbitration for dispute settlement shall reach anarbitration agreement  on  a  mutually  voluntary  basis.  An  arbitrationcommission shall not accept an application for  arbitration  submitted  byone of the parties in the absence of an arbitration agreement.Article 5

A people’s court shall not accept an action initiated by  one  of  theparties if the parties have concluded an arbitration agreement, unless thearbitration agreement is invalid.Article 6

An  arbitration  commission  shall  be  selected  by  the  parties  byagreement.

The jurisdiction by level system and the district jurisdiction  systemshall not apply in arbitration.Article 7

Disputes shall be fairly and reasonably settled by arbitration on  thebasis of facts and in accordance with  the  relevant  provisions  of  law.Article 8

Arbitration shall be conducted in accordance with the law, independentof any intervention by  administrative  organs,  social  organizations  orindividuals.Article 9

The  single  ruling  system  shall  be  applied  in  arbitration.  Thearbitration commission shall not accept any application  for  arbitration,nor shall a people’s court accept any action submitted  by  the  party  inrespect of the same dispute after an arbitration award  has  already  beengiven in relation to that matter.

If the arbitration award is  canceled  or  its  enforcement  has  beendisallowed by a people’s court in accordance with  the  law,  the  partiesmay, in accordance with  a  new  arbitration  agreement  between  them  inrespect of the  dispute,   re-apply  for  arbitration  or  initiate  legalproceedings with the people’s court.

 

Chapter II Arbitration Commissions and Arbitration AssociationArticle 10

Arbitration commissions  may  be  established  in  the  municipalitiesdirectly under the Central Government,  in the  municipalities  where  thepeople’s governments of provinces and autonomous regions are  located  or,if  necessary,  in  other  cities  divided  into  districts.   Arbitrationcommissions shall not be established at each level of  the  administrativedivisions.

The people’s governments of the municipalities and cities specified inthe above paragraph  shall  organize  the  relevant  departments  and  theChamber of Commerce for the formation of an arbitration commission.

The establishment of an arbitration  commission  shall  be  registeredwith the judicial administrative  department  of  the  relevant  province,autonomous region or municipalities directly under the Central Government.Article 11

An arbitration commission shall fulfil the following conditions:

1. it must have its own name, domicile and Articles of Association;

2. it must possess the necessary property;

3. it must have its own members; and

4. it must have arbitrators for appointment.

The articles of association of the an arbitration commission shall  beformulated in accordance with this Law.Article 12

An arbitration commission shall  comprise  a  chairman,  two  to  fourvice-chairmen and seven to eleven members.

The chairman, vice-chairmen and members of an  arbitration  commissionmust be persons specialized in law,  economic and trade  and  persons  whohave actual working experience. The number of specialists in law, economicand trade shall  not  be  less  than  two-thirds  of  the  members  of  anarbitration association.Article 13

The arbitration commission shall appoint fair and honest person as itsarbitrators.

Arbitrators must fulfil one of the following conditions:

1. they have been engaged in  arbitration  work  for  at  least  eightyears;

2. they have worked as a lawyer for at least eight years;

3. they have been a judge for at least eight years;

4. they are engaged in legal research or legal teaching and in  seniorpositions; and

5. they have legal knowledge and  are  engaged  in  professional  workrelating to economics and  trade,  and  in  senior  positions  or  of  theequivalent professional level.

The arbitration commission  shall  establish  a  list  of  arbitratorsaccording to different professionals.Article 14

Arbitration commissions are independent of administrative  organs  andthere are no subordinate relations  with  any  administrative  organs  norbetween the different arbitration commissions.Article 15

The China Arbitration Association is a social  organization  with  thestatus of a legal person. Arbitration commissions are members of the ChinaArbitration  Association.  The  Articles  of  Association  of  the   ChinaArbitration Association  shall  be  formulated  by  the  national  generalmeeting of the members.

The China Arbitration Association is  an  organization  in  charge  ofself-regulation  of  the  arbitration  commissions.   It   shall   conductsupervision over the conduct (any breach of discipline) of the arbitrationcommissions and their members  and  arbitrators  in  accordance  with  itsarticles of association.

The China Arbitration Association shall formulate Arbitration Rules inaccordance with this Law and the Civil Procedure Law.

 

Chapter III Arbitration AgreementArticle 16

An  arbitration  agreement  shall  include  the  arbitration  clausesprovided in the contract and any other written form of agreement concludedbefore or after the disputes providing for submission to arbitration.

The following contents shall be included in an arbitration agreement:

1. the expression of the parties’ wish to submit to arbitration;

2. the matters to be arbitrated; and

3. the Arbitration Commission selected by the parties.Article 17

An arbitration agreement shall be invalid under any of  the  followingcircumstances:

1. matters agreed  upon  for  arbitration  are  beyond  the  scope  ofarbitration prescribed by law;

2. an arbitration agreement  concluded  by  persons  without  or  withlimited capacity for civil acts; and

3. one party forces the other party to sign an  arbitration  agreementby means of duress.Article 18

If the arbitration matters  or  the  arbitration  commission  are  notagreed upon by the parties  in  the  arbitration  agreement,  or,  if  therelevant  provisions  are  not  clear,  the  parties  may  supplement  theagreement. If the parties fail to agree upon the supplementary agreement,

the arbitration agreement shall be invalid.Article 19

An arbitration agreement shall exist independently.  Any  changes  to,rescission, termination or invalidity of the contract shall not affect thevalidity of the arbitration agreement.

An arbitration tribunal has the right to rule on  the  validity  of  acontract.Article 20

If the parties object to the validity of  the  arbitration  agreement,they may apply to the arbitration  commission  for  a  decision  or  to  apeople’s court for a  ruling.  If  one  of  the  parties  submits  to  thearbitration commission for a decision, but the other party  applies  to  apeople’s court for a ruling, the people’s court shall give the ruling.

If the parties contest the validity of the arbitration agreement,  theobjection shall be made before the start  of  the  first  hearing  of  thearbitration tribunal.

 

Chapter IV Arbitration Procedure

 

 

Section 1: Application and Acceptance for ArbitrationArticle 21

The parties  applying  for  arbitration  shall  fulfil  the  followingconditions:

1. they must have an arbitration agreement;

2. they must have a specific claim with facts and  argument  on  whichthe claim is based; and

3. the arbitration must be within the jurisdiction of the  arbitrationcommission.Article 22

The party applying for arbitration  shall  submit  to  an  arbitrationcommission the arbitration agreement,  an application for arbitration  andcopies thereof.Article 23

An arbitration application shall state clearly the following:

1. the name, sex, age, occupation, work unit and address of the party,the name address and legal representative of the  legal  person  or  otherorganization and the name and position of its person-in charge;

2. the arbitration claim and the facts and argument on which the claimis based; and

3. evidence and the source of evidence, the name and  address  of  thewitness (es).Article 24

Within 5 days from the date of receiving the arbitration  application,the arbitration commission shall notify the parties that it considers  theconditions for acceptance have been fulfilled, and that the application isaccepted  by  it.  If  the  arbitration  commission  considers  that   theconditions have not been fulfilled, it shall notify the parties in writingof its rejection, stating its reasons.Article 25

Upon  acceptance  of  an  arbitration  application,   the  arbitrationcommission shall, within the time limit provided by the Arbitration Rules,serve a copy of the Arbitration Rules and the list of arbitrators  on  theapplicant,   and  serve  a  copy  of  the  arbitration  application,   theArbitration Rules and the list of arbitrators on the respondent.

Upon receipt of a copy of the arbitration application,  the respondentshall, within the time limit prescribed by the Arbitration  Rules,  submitits defence to the arbitration commission. Upon receipt  of  the  defence,the arbitration commission shall, within the time limit prescribed by  theArbitration Rules, serve a copy of the reply on the applicant. The failureof the respondent to submit a defence shall not affect the  proceeding  ofthe arbitration procedures.Article 26

Where the parties had agreed on an arbitration agreement, but  one  ofthe parties initiates an action before a people’s  court  without  statingthe existence of the arbitration  agreement,  the  people’s  court  shall,unless the arbitration agreement is invalid,  reject  the  action  if  theother party submits to the court  the  arbitration  agreement  before  thefirst hearing of the case. If the other  party  fails  to  object  to  thehearing by the people’s court before the first  hearing,  the  arbitrationagreement shall be considered to have been waived by  the  party  and  thepeople’s court shall proceed with the hearing.Article 27

The  applicant  may  abandon  or  alter  his  arbitration  claim.  Therespondent may accept the arbitration claim or object  to  it.  It  has  aright to make a counterclaim.Article 28

A party may apply for property preservation if, as the  result  of  anact of the other party or for some other reasons, it appears that an awardmay be impossible or difficult to enforce.

If  one  of  the  parties  applies  for  property  preservation,   thearbitration commission shall submit to a people’s court the application ofthe party  in  accordance  with  the  relevant  provisions  of  the  CivilProcedure Law.

If a property preservation order is  unfounded,  the  applicant  shallcompensate the party against whom  the  order  was  made  for  any  lossessustained as a result of the implementation of the  property  preservationorder.Article 29

The parties and their legal representatives  may  appoint  lawyers  orengage agents to handle matters relating to the arbitration. In the  eventthat a lawyer or an agent is appointed to handle the arbitration  matters,a  letter  of  authorization  shall  be  submitted  to   the   arbitrationcommission.

 

Section 2: Composition of the Arbitration TribunalArticle 30

An  arbitration  tribunal  may  comprise  three  arbitrators  or  onearbitrator. If an arbitration  tribunal  comprises  three  arbitrators,  apresiding arbitrator shall be appointed.Article 31

If the parties agree to form an arbitration tribunal comprising  threearbitrators, each party shall select or  authorize  the  chairmen  of  thearbitration commission to appoint one  arbitrator.  The  third  arbitratorshall be selected jointly by the parties or be nominated by  the  chairmanof the arbitration commission in accordance with a joint mandate given  bythe parties. The third arbitrator shall be the presiding arbitrator.

If the parties agree to have one arbitrator  to  form  an  arbitrationtribunal, the arbitrator shall be selected jointly by the  parties  or  benominated by the chairman of the arbitration commission in accordance witha joint mandate given by the parties.Article 32

If  the  parties  fail,  within  the  time  limit  prescribed  by  theArbitration  Rules,  to  select  the  form  of  the  constitution  of  thearbitration tribunal or fail to select the  arbitrators,  the  arbitratorsshall be appointed by the chairman of the arbitration commission.Article 33

After  the  arbitration  tribunal  is  constituted,   the  arbitrationcommission shall notify the parties in writing of the composition  of  thearbitration tribunal.Article 34

In any of the following circumstances,  an  arbitrator  must  withdrawfrom the arbitration, and the parties shall have the right  to  apply  forhis withdrawal if he:

1. is a party or  a  close  relative  of  a  party  or  of  a  party’srepresentative;

2. is related in the case;

3. has some other relationship with a party to  the  case  or  with  aparty’s  agent  which  could  possibly  affect  the  impartiality  of  thearbitration;

4. meets a party or his agent in private, accepts  an  invitation  fordinner by a party or his representative or accepts gifts presented by  anyof them.Article 35

When applying for the withdrawal of  an  arbitrator,  the  petitioningparty shall state his reasons and submit a withdrawal  application  beforethe first hearing. A withdrawal application may also be  submitted  beforethe conclusion of the last hearing if  reasons  for  the  withdrawal  onlybecame known after the start of the first hearing.Article 36

Whether an arbitrator is withdrawn or not shall be determined  by  thechairman of the arbitration commission.  If  chairman  is  serving  as  anarbitrator, the withdrawal or not shall be determined collectively by  thearbitration commission.Article 37

If an arbitrator is unable to perform his duties as an arbitrator as aresult of the withdrawal or any other reasons, another arbitrator shall beselected or appointed in accordance with the provisions of this Law.

After a replaced arbitrator has been selected or  appointed  followingthe withdrawal of an arbitrator, the  parties  may  apply  to  resume  thearbitration procedure. The arbitration tribunal  shall  determine  whetherthe resumption of the procedure may be allowed. The  arbitration  tribunalmay determine on its  own  whether  the  arbitration  procedure  shall  beresumed.Article 38

An arbitrator involved in one of the circumstances described  in  Item4, Article 34, if it is serious,  or those described in  Item  6,  Article58, such arbitrator shall be legally liable in accordance  with  the  law.The arbitration  commission  shall  remove  his  name  from  the  list  ofarbitrators.

 

Section 3: Hearing and Arbitral AwardsArticle 39

An arbitration tribunal shall hold  a  tribunal  session  to  hear  anarbitration case. If  the  parties  agree  not  to  hold  a  hearing,  thearbitration  tribunal  may  render  an  award  in  accordance   with   thearbitration  application,  the  defence  statement  and  other  documents.Article 40

An arbitration shall not be conducted in public. If the parties  agreeto a public hearing, the arbitration may proceed in public,  except  thoseconcerning state secrets.Article 41

The arbitration commission shall notify the  two  parties  within  thetime limit provided by the Arbitration Rules of the date of  the  hearing.Either party may request to postpone the hearing with in  the  time  limitprovided by the Arbitration Rules  if  there  is  a  genuine  reason.  Thearbitration tribunal shall decide whether to postpone the hearing.Article 42

If the applicant for arbitration  who  has  been  given  a  notice  inwriting does not appear before  the  tribunal  without  good  reasons,  orleaves the tribunal room during a hearing without the  permission  of  thearbitration tribunal, such applicant shall be deemed as  having  withdrawnhis application.

If the party against whom the application was made was served  with  anotice in writing but does not appear  before  the  tribunal  without  duereasons  or  leaves  the  tribunal  room  during  a  hearing  without  thepermission of the arbitration tribunal, an award by default may be  given.Article 43

The parties shall produce evidence in support of their claims.

An arbitration tribunal may collect on its own evidence  it  considersnecessary.Article 44

For specialized  matters,  an  arbitration  tribunal  may  submit  forappraisal to an appraisal organ agreed upon  by  the  parties  or  to  theappraisal organ appointed by the arbitration tribunal  if  it  deems  suchappraisal to be necessary.

According  to  the  claim  of  the  parties  or  the  request  of  thearbitration tribunal, the appraisal organ shall appoint  an  appraiser  toparticipate in  the  hearing.  Upon  the  permission  of  the  arbitrationtribunal, the parties may question the appraiser.Article 45

Any evidence shall be produced  at  the  start  of  the  hearing.  Theparties may challenge the validity of such evidence.Article 46

In the event that the evidence might be destroyed or if  it  would  bedifficult to obtain the evidence later on, the parties may apply  for  theevidence to be preserved. If the parties apply for such preservation,  thearbitration commission shall submit the  application  to  the  basic-levelpeople’s court of the place where the evidence is located.Article 47

The parties have the right to argue during an  arbitration  procedure.At the end of the debate,  the presiding arbitrator or the sole arbitratorshall ask for the final opinion of the parties.Article 48

An arbitration tribunal shall make a written record of the hearing. Ifthe parties or other participants to the  arbitration  consider  that  therecord has omitted a part of their statement or is incorrect in some otherrespect, they shall have the right to request correction  thereof.  If  nocorrection is made, the request for  correction  shall  be  noted  in  thewritten record.

The arbitrators, recorder,  parties  and  other  participants  to  thearbitration shall sign or affix their seals to the record.Article 49

After the submission of an arbitration application,  the  parties  maysettle  the  dispute  among  themselves   through   conciliation.   If   aconciliation agreement has been reached, the  parties  may  apply  to  thearbitration tribunal for an award based  on  the  conciliation  agreement.Then may also withdraw the arbitration application.Article 50

If the parties fall back on their words  after  the  conclusion  of  aconciliation agreement and the withdrawal of the arbitration  application,application may be made for arbitration in accordance with the arbitrationagreement.Article 51

Before giving an award, an arbitration tribunal may first  attempt  toconciliate.  If  the  parties  apply  for  conciliation  voluntarily,  thearbitration tribunal shall conciliate. If conciliation is unsuccessful, anaward shall be made promptly.

When  a  settlement  agreement  is  reached  by  conciliation,    thearbitration tribunal shall prepare the conciliation statement or the awardon the basis of the results of the settlement  agreement.  A  conciliationstatement shall have the same legal force as that of an award.Article 52

A conciliation statement shall set forth the  arbitration  claims  andthe results  of  the  agreement  between  the  parties.  The  conciliationstatement shall be signed by the arbitrators, sealed  by  the  arbitrationcommission,  and served on both parties.

A conciliation statement shall  have  legal  effect  once  signed  andaccepted by the parties.

If the parties fall  back  on  their  words  before  the  conciliationstatement is singed and accepted by them, an award shall be  made  by  thearbitration tribunal promptly.Article 53

An award shall be based on the opinion of  the  majority  arbitrators.The opinion of the minority arbitrators shall be recorded in  writing.  Ifan opinion of the minority arbitrators shall be recorded in writing. If anopinion of  the  majority  arbitrators  can  not  be  constituted  at  thetribunal, the award shall  be  given  according  to  the  opinion  of  thepresiding arbitrator.Article 54

The arbitration claims, the matters in dispute, the grounds upon whichan award is given, the results of the judgement,  the  responsibility  forthe arbitration fees and the date of the award shall be set forth  in  theaward. If the parties agree not to include in the  award  the  matters  indispute and the grounds on which the award is based, such matters may  notbe stated in the award. The award shall be signed by the  arbitrators  andsealed by the arbitration commission. The arbitrator  who  disagrees  withthe award may select to sign or not to sign it.Article 55

During the course of arbitration by an arbitration tribunal,  where  apart of facts has been made clear, a partial award may first be  given  inrelation to that part.Article 56

The parties may, within 30 days of the receipt of the  award,  requestthe arbitration tribunal to correct any typographical errors,  calculationerrors or matters which had been awarded but omitted in the award.Article 57

An award shall be legally effective on the date it is given.

 

Chapter V Application for Cancellation of an AwardArticle 58

The parties may apply to the intermediate people’s court at the  placewhere the arbitration commission is located for cancellation of  an  awardif they provide evidence proving  that  the  award  involves  one  of  thefollowing circumstances:

1. there is no arbitration agreement between the parties;

2. the matters of the award are beyond the extent of  the  arbitrationagreement or not within the jurisdiction of the arbitration commission;

3. the composition of the  arbitration  tribunal  or  the  arbitrationprocedure is in contrary to the legal procedure;

4. the evidence on which the award is based is falsified;

5. the other party has  concealed  evidence  which  is  sufficient  toaffect the impartiality of the award; and

6. the arbitrator(s) has (have) demanded or accepted bribes, committedgraft or perverted the law in making the arbitral award.

The peoples’ court shall rule to cancel the award if the existence  ofone of the circumstances prescribed in the preceding clause  is  confirmedby its collegiate bench.

The people’s court shall rule to cancel the award if it holds that theaward is contrary to the social and public interests.Article 59

If a party applies for cancellation of an award, an application  shallbe submitted within 6 months after receipt of the award.Article 60

The people’s court  shall,  within  2  months  after  receipt  of  theapplication  for  cancellation  of  an  award,  render  its  decision  forcancellation of the award or for rejection of the application.Article 61

If the people’s court holds that the case may be re-arbitrated by  thearbitration tribunal after receipt of the application for cancellation  ofan  award,  the  court  shall   inform   the   arbitration   tribunal   ofre-arbitrating the case within a  certain  period  of  time  and  rule  tosuspend the cancellation procedure. If the arbitration tribunal refuses tore-arbitrate, the people’s court shall rule  to  resume  the  cancellationprocedure.

 

Chapter VI EnforcementArticle 62

The parties shall execute an arbitration award. If one party fails  toexecute the award, the other party may  apply  to  a  people’s  court  forenforcement in accordance  with  the  relevant  provisions  of  the  CivilProcedure Law, and the court shall enforce the award.Article 63

A people’s court shall, after  examination  and  verification  by  itscollegiate bench, rule not to enforce an award if the party  against  whoman application for enforcement is made provides evidence proving that  theaward involves one of the circumstances prescribed in  Clause  2,  Article217 of the Civil procedure Law.Article 64

If one party applies for enforcement of an award while the other partyapplies for cancellation of the award, the people’s court  receiving  suchapplication shall rule to suspend enforcement of the award.

If a people’s court rules  to  cancel  an  award,  it  shall  rule  toterminate enforcement. If the people’s court overrules the application forcancellation of an award, it shall rule to resume enforcement.

 

Chapter VII Special provisions on Foreign-Related ArbitrationArticle 65

The provisions of this Chapter  shall  apply  to  all  arbitration  ofdisputes arising from foreign economic,  trade, transportation or maritimematters. In the absence of provisions  in  this  Chapter,  other  relevantprovisions of this Law shall apply.Article 66

A foreign arbitration commission may be organized and  established  bythe China International Chamber of Commerce.

A foreign arbitration commission shall comprise one chairman,  severalvice-chairmen and several committee members.

The chairman, vice-chairmen and committee members may be appointed  bythe China International Chamber of Commerce.Article 67

A  foreign  arbitration  commission  may  appoint   foreigners   withprofessional knowledge in such fields as law, economic and trade,  scienceand technology as arbitrators.Article 68

If the parties to a foreign-related  arbitration  apply  for  evidencepreservation,  the  foreign  arbitration  commission  shall  submit  theirapplications to the intermediate people’s court in  the  place  where  theevidence is located.Article 69

The arbitration tribunal  of  a  foreign  arbitration  commission  mayrecord the details of the hearing in writing or record the  essentials  ofthe hearing in writing. The written record  of  the  essentials  shall  besigned or sealed by the parties and other participants in the arbitration.Article 70

A people’s court shall, after  examination  and  verification  by  itscollegiate bench, rule to cancel an award if a party to the case  providesevidence  proving  that  the  arbitration  award  involves  one   of   thecircumstances prescribed in Clause 1, Article 260 of the Civil ProcedureLaw.Article 71

A people’s court shall, after  examination  and  verification  by  itscollegiate bench, rule not to enforce an award-if the party  against  whoman application is made provides  evidence  proving  that  the  arbitrationaward involves one of the circumstances prescribed in Clause  1,   Article260 of the Civil Procedure Law.Article 72

Where the party subject to enforcement or its property is  not  withinthe territory of the People’s Republic of China, a party applying for  theenforcement of a legally effective arbitration award shall apply  directlyto the foreign court having jurisdiction for recognition  and  enforcementof the award.Article 73

Foreign arbitration rules may be formulated by the China InternationalChamber  of  Commerce  in  accordance  with  this  Law  and  the  relevantprovisions of the Civil Procedure Law.

 

Chapter VIII Supplementary ProvisionsArticle 74

If the law has stipulated  a  time  limitation  of  arbitration,  suchprovisions of the law shall apply. If the law has not  stipulated  a  timelimitation of arbitration,  the provisions on the  limitation  of  actionsshall apply.Article 75

The arbitration Commission may formulate provisional arbitration rulesin accordance with this Law and  the  relevant  provisions  of  the  CivilProcedure Law before the formulation of the arbitration rules by the ChinaArbitration Association.Article 76

The parties shall pay arbitration fees in accordance with the relevantprovisions.

The methods for the collection of arbitration fees shall be  submittedto the commodity prices administration department for approval.Article 77

Arbitration  of  labor  disputes  and  disputes  over  contracts  forundertaking agricultural projects within agricultural collective  economicorganizations shall be separately stipulated.Article 78

In the  event  of  conflict  between  the  provisions  on  arbitrationformulated before the coming into effect of this Law and the provisions ofthis Law, the provisions of this Law shall prevail.Article 79

Arbitration organs established before the coming into effect  of  thisLaw in the municipalities directly under the Central  Government,  in  themunicipalities  where  the  people’s  governments  of  the  provinces   orautonomous regions and in other cities  divided  into  districts  must  bere-organized in accordance with the relevant provisions of this  Law.  Thearbitration organs which are not re-organized shall be terminated  at  theexpiration of one year after the date of effectiveness of this Law.

All other arbitration organs established before the implementation  ofthis Law and not conforming  to  the  provisions  of  this  Law  shall  beterminated on the date of effectiveness of this Law.Article 80

This Law shall be effective as of September 1, 1995.

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北京刑事律師趙荔 北京刑事律師趙荔趙荔律師,男,1973年出生,漢族,北京京師律師事務所合伙
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